In the simplest of terms, female infertility happens when something goes wrong with ovulation, something prevents the egg and sperm from meeting, something prevents a healthy embryo from being created.
Below are 3 possible causes of female infertility.
1. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS):
You’ve probably heard of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS.) PCOS is a common cause of female infertility and affects an estimated 8% of women.
Women with PCOS may have higher than normal levels of androgens, or “male” hormones. This may lead to problems with acne and unwanted hair growth.
Many but not all women with PCOS struggle with their weight. They may be diagnosed with insulin resistance.
It’s estimated that 1 in 10 women suffer from endometriosis. Because diagnosis is complicated – it can’t be detected with a simple blood test or ultrasound – many women suffer silently.
To understand endometriosis, you need to know what endometrium is. The endometrium is the tissue that lines the uterus. It thickens and grows every menstrual cycle, preparing the uterus for an embryo.
If pregnancy doesn’t happen, the endometrium breaks down, leaving your body via menstruation.
Endometriosis is when endometrium grows outside the uterus. (This should never happen.) They may form near the ovaries and fallopian tubes, around the urinary and gastrointestinal tract, and even, in rare cases, in the lungs.
3. Age-Related Infertility:
Not every cause of infertility is a disease or unnatural condition. Healthy ageing is a common cause of female infertility.
While both men and women have decreased fertility as they age, this decline is more pronounced in women.